TOPEKA, Kan. — As many as 40 million Americans — including 357,000 Kansans — face the risk of eviction in the next several months.
An enhanced federal unemployment benefit of $600 a week that expired at the end of July helped people who lost jobs because of the COVID-19 pandemic cover basic living expenses, such as rent and mortgage payments.
But a recent report from the Aspen Institute says that because Congress hasn’t extended those larger jobless checks, the country could soon see an unprecedented wave of evictions and foreclosures.
“America is facing an urgent and unprecedented eviction crisis,” the Aspen Institute researchers concluded.
Hundreds of thousands of Kansans could be at risk, said Donna Ginther, an economist with the Institute for Policy and Social Research at the University of Kansas.
“We need to understand that this (the pandemic) is a natural disaster,” Ginther said.
In a recent report, Ginther said the lapse of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Assistance — or CARES — Act is “compounding a crisis that is already terrible.”
“The federal government is playing with fire right now,” she said. “If those benefits aren’t restored, you’re going to see a lot of hardship and deprivation.”
Sheena Mooney, of Topeka, has already experienced it. She lost her janitorial job in March, fell behind on her rent and last week was evicted from her house.
“It’s my home,” Mooney said as friends helped her pack up her belongings. “It’s so hard, you have no idea.”
Mooney applied for unemployment but was told she didn’t qualify. So her eviction wasn’t triggered by the loss of federal benefits. It was approved by the Shawnee County District Court between the May 26 expiration of Gov. Laura Kelly’s initial order barring evictions and mortgage foreclosures and Aug. 17, when her new order took effect.
With Congress stalled on a new coronavirus relief package, Kelly announced last week that the state would apply to participate in a stop-gap Trump administration program to boost unemployment benefits by $400 a week.
In a statement, Kelly said using federal disaster relief funds to temporarily increase benefits to jobless Kansas is “far from a perfect solution.” But she said the program “is the only available option for additional federal assistance at this time.”
In recent testimony to a legislative committee monitoring the economic impact of the pandemic, Kansas Secretary of Labor Ryan Wright said he was reluctant to participate in the program because it would take “several weeks” to reprogram the agency’s decades-old-computer system to process the payments. Plus, he said, the $44 billion earmarked for the program isn’t expected to last long.
“What we’ve been told … is that we should only plan on three weeks of dedicated funding,” Wright said.
More than 415,000 Kansans have filed for unemployment since mid-March.
New claims, said Ginther, the KU economist, “remain stubbornly high,” particularly among low- to moderate-income Kansans making under $20 per hour.
The number of Kansans filing initial claims is on the rise, going from 11,092 on Aug. 1 to 21,175 on Aug. 22, the end of the last reporting period. Initial and continued claims combined total 87,546.
Bracing for the ‘inevitable’
Social service agencies are bracing for a surge in demand if more relief isn’t available soon, said Tawny Stottlemire, director of Community Action Topeka, an anti-poverty organization that helps low-income Kansans with child care and basic living expenses.
“We’re going to see it just get worse and worse unless Congress acts,” Stottlemire said. “We’re going to see more homelessness.”
Teresa Baker helps people avoid financial calamities like foreclosure, eviction and bankruptcy as a counselor at Topeka’s Housing and Credit Counseling Inc. She has been anticipating a sharp increase in people seeking assistance since pandemic-related business closures threw tens of thousands of Kansans out of work in mid-March.
It hasn’t happened yet, she said, because the enhanced unemployment benefits have allowed people to scrape by. But she said a housing crisis looks inevitable if Washington doesn’t extend the benefits.
“It’s going to happen,” Baker said.
People fearing eviction, Baker said, should contact their landlord and attempt to work out a partial payment plan. If that isn’t possible, they should agree to vacate their home or apartment before they are evicted.
“We don’t want to see people legally evicted,” Baker said, because that puts a negative mark on their credit record “that’s going to make it harder for them to rent in the future.”
Kelly’s moratorium on evictions and foreclosures remains in effect until Sept. 15. She can’t extend it beyond that date unless the Kansas Legislature renews her emergency powers.
“No Kansan should be kicked out of their home during the pandemic,” Kelly said when announcing the order. “That’s just wrong.”
Vince Munoz, an organizer for the Rent Zero Kansas coalition, argues in an opinion piece in The Kansas Reflector that state or federal lawmakers need to cancel rent and mortgage payments all together until a vaccine capable of ending the pandemic is widely available.
To protect landlords and lenders, Munoz wrote, taxpayers could “offset real losses associated with cancelling and suspending payments.”
Steve Vogel, the head of the Shawnee County Landlords Association, said the governor’s temporary moratorium is warranted. But he said canceling or suspending rent payments for the duration of the pandemic would financially cripple scores of small businesses across the state.
“Most of the landlords that I know of, especially if they have very many properties, have acquired those properties with borrowed money,” Vogel said. “They have mortgages to pay.”
Vogel owns 13 rental properties in the Topeka area. He says landlords are generally willing to work with tenants to avoid evictions, which he says are “a last resort.”
“No landlord that I know or have ever met wants to do an eviction,” he said. “It’s heartbreaking to go through that.”